Ressourcer


Be a leader

John Maxwell said, "People today are desperate for leaders, but they want to be influenced by someone they can trust, a person of good character. If you want to become someone who can positively influence other people:

  1. Model consistency of character. Solid trust can only develop when people can trust you all the time.
  2. Employ honest communication. To be trustworthy, you have to be like a good musical composition: your words and music must match.
  3. Value transparency. If you're honest with people and admit your weaknesses, they appreciate your honesty. And they are able to relate to you better.
  4. Exemplify humility. People won't trust you if they see that you are driven by ego, jealousy, or the belief that you are better than they are.
  5. Demonstrate your support of others. Nothing develops or displays your character better than your desire to put others first.
  6. Fulfill your promises. One of the fastest ways to break trust with others is in failing to fulfill your commitments.”


chilli - hot or not


Der findes over 25 forskellige overordnede arter af chili og mange hundrede sorter herunder. Langt de fleste arter er vilde chilier, mens de chili, der produceres/dyrkes er inddelt i fem arter: nemlig:

  • Capsicum Annuum (Herunder f.eks. sorten Jalapeños)
  • Capsicum Chinense (Herunder f.eks. Habanero)
  • Capsicum Frutescens (Herunder f.eks. sorten Tabasco)
  • Capsicum Baccatum (Herunder f.eks. sorten Aji Benito) og
  • Capsicum Pubescens (Herunder f.eks. Rocoto Canario).

Sorterne varierer i styrke, form og farve, fra mild til stærk, fra små til store, fra grønne, sorte, orange og røde og lilla.

Ens for alle chilivarianter er at der er mest styrke i chilifrugten i den ende hvor stilken sidder. Størstedelen af det stærke stof capsaicin sidder i frøstolen, frøstolen er det sted hvor frøene sidder. Verdens stærkeste er ifølge Guinness Rekordbog Naga Jolokia (også kendt som Bhut Jolokia, Ghost Chili, Ghost Pepper, Naga Morich) er en Chili som gror i Bangladesh, det nordøstlige Indien (Assam, Nagaland, og Manipur), og Sri Lanka.

I 2006 blev det bekræftet af Guinness Rekordbog at det er den stærkeste chili i verden. Den måler helt op til 1.041.427 enheder på Scoville-skalaen.chili-frugten Naga Jolokia.

Habanero – Meget stærk.

Tabasco – Stærk.

Cayenne – Stærk/Middel.

Jalapeño – Mild.

Peberfrugt – Ingen capsaicin.

 Carolina Reaper  HP22B er verdens stærkeste chili. Den måler hele 1,569,383 Scoville enheder.

Med den enkeltstående højeste målling/peak på 2.200.00 SHU.

Til sammenligning bliver en gennemsnits-jalapeno-chilipeber målt til omkring 10.000 Scoville enheder.


Eksempler på Scoville-værdier:


Naga Jolokia (også kendt som Bhut JolokiaGhost ChiliGhost PepperNaga Morich) er en Chili som gror i Bangladesh, det nordøstlige Indien (AssamNagaland, og Manipur), og Sri Lanka.

I 2006 blev det bekræftet af Guinness Rekordbog at det er den stærkeste chili i verden. Den måler helt op til 1.041.427 enheder på Scoville-skalaen.

Capsaicin er en kemisk forbindelse, der findes naturligt i mange plantearter i Capsicum slægten. Arter i denne slægt omfatter de forskellige slags chili samt peberfrugter. Capsaicin er den forbindelse som giver disse frugter den stærke eller skarpe smag.[1]

1 tilhører en gruppe af alkaloider, der kaldes capsaicinoider. Andre mindre hyppige medlemmer af denne gruppe er dihydrocapsaicin, nordihydrocapsaicin, homocapsaicin og homodihydrocapsaicin. Kemisk set er capsaicin et amidsom indeholder en kemisk gruppe der minder om strukturen af vanillin, og capsaicin kaldes derfor også et vanilloid. Capsaicin er, med en Scoville-værdi på 15.000.000 det mest potente af capsaicinoiderne.

Virkning

Capsaicin virker ved at binde sig til receptorer og nerveender på de neuroner, som kommunikerer signaler om irritation og smerte til centralnervesystemet, de såkaldte nociceptorer. Capsaicin binder specifikt til et overflademolekyle, der kaldes vanilloid receptor 1 (VR1).

Når capsaicin binder til nociceptorerne udløses et inflammatorisk respons, og kroppen vil forsøge at modvirke dette ved forskellige kølemekanismer (øget svedproduktion og blodgennemstrømning i huden). Lige efter man har indtaget en mundfuld som indeholder meget capsaicin (er meget stærkt) bliver munden ekstra følsom over for andre påvirkninger såsom høje temperaturer, berøring og tilstedeværelsen af andre stoffer som kan irritere nervecellerne, eksempelvis syre,salt eller alkohol. Denne tilstand kaldes hyperalgesi, og er grunden til at f.eks. en portion rygende varm chili con carne smager meget stærkere end en tilsvarende kold portion. Hyperalgesi er en kortvarig, midlertidig tilstand, som typisk forsvinder igen efter kort tid (10-20 min).

Udover den kortvarige effekt ses også en længerevarende effekt, hvor man ved gentagen påvirkning bliver mindre følsom overfor capsaicin. Det er derfor personer som ofte spiser mad, der inderholder meget chili, kan spise større mængder end de, der kun spiser det lejlighedsvis.

Lindring

Den bedste lindring mod den brændende fornemmelse af capsaicin i munden er at drikke noget koldt, og så ellers vente på at virkningen fortager sig. Capsaicin er meget lidt opløseligt i vand, men til gengæld letopløseligt i fedt. Derfor kan man dæmpe effekten af capsaicin ved at spise eller drikke noget fedtholdigt, som f.eks. mælk, hvilket blev påvist i 91. episode af MythBusters.[2]

Kilde: wikipedia

Leadership resolutions

By Jack and Suzy Welch

New Year resolutions -- who keeps them? Practically no one. But if you're a leader, be it of three people or 3,000, it's your flat-out responsibility to not just go into work every day and improvise around the latest crisis or email flurry or employee meltdown, but to go into work every day with a cohesive plan of action about how you're going to lead. Otherwise, why would anyone follow you, except that they simply have to?

That's no good.

So here's to 2014, and 10 resolutions to make it a very good year -- for you, and for the team you lead.

1) Get In Their Skin

From the day you become a leader, your biggest role is to build trust, respect and support from your team. A mutual respect. As long as they deliver, you will support them and stand up for them in every way -- and they know it. It's a never-ending job and you can never slip up.

2) Over-Communicate

It's your job to communicate your message, your values, what's right about what's happening, and what's wrong -- over and over and over again. There can be no lack of transparency. Everybody has to be on the same page. Even when you're ready to gag over the message, you have to keep communicating it.

3) Follow-Up Relentlessly

Just because you say something once, it doesn't mean it's going to happen. Too often, managers think, "Hey, I told my team what to do." Then they come back a week later and nothing has happened. Yes, your job is to set the direction. But you also have to make it your mission to follow up -- relentlessly -- to see that things are moving in the right direction.

4) Create a Rallying Cry

I've always found that defining an enemy is very helpful. Define a competitor that's coming after you. Rally the team around every win you have against them, every new product you introduce that's better than theirs. Make that competitor come alive as your true enemy and you'll see your team galvanize around beating them and winning in the marketplace.

5) Realize Personnel Actions Speak Louder Than Words

When you pick someone for a new job, you are defining what's important. Managers love to give speeches about how their new initiative is the most important thing in the world. But then they put whatever warm body happens to be available in charge of it. Nothing could be worse. When you make an personnel appointment, you're doing much more than any speech you could ever give. The people in the organization already know who the star performers are. And matching those stars with the projects you claim are important is absolutely critical for your credibility and the trust you want to build.

6) Embrace the Generosity Gene

I happen to believe that every good leader loves to give raises to people. They are thrilled to see their employees grow and be promoted. They are turned on by their success. Good leaders understand that they are only as good as the reflected glory of their people -- and so they give until it hurts.

7) Fight Bureaucracy

Remember how much you hated bureaucracy from the bosses above you when they wanted this "i" dotted and this "t" crossed? Guess what? You're now the leader. Don't let bureaucracy creep into your place. Just because it's yours doesn't make it any prettier than when it was someone else's. Get rid of clutter. Bureaucracy slows things down and speed is one of the best competitive advantages you can have.

8) Find a Better Way

Recognize that in business, somebody out there is always doing something better than you are. Your team can get insular and come to believe they're already doing everything right. Your job is to ask, "How can we do it better? Where can we find someone doing it better?" Finding a better way of doing things every single day can become so much more than a slogan. It can become a way of life and make your group stand out above the rest.

9) Own Hiring Mistakes

Look, you're not the only person in the history of the universe who has ever made a hiring mistake. Once you understand that hiring is hard work and you'll surely have missteps along the way, realize that you've got to deal with mistakes fast and compassionately. Recognize that it was your fault that the fit didn't work and get on with it. The team will respect you more. The hire you dealt with fairly will respect you more. And your superiors will reward you for your candor and willingness to own up to your error.

10) Dig into Crises

Without doubt, crises are going to erupt in your career. You'll have someone do something wrong or have to face into a violation somewhere in your organization. To make matters worse, when you first hear about it, you're not going to get the whole story -- after all, you're the boss. You're only going to get the tip of the iceberg. Underneath the surface is a very big piece of ice. Your team will come to you and feed you, piece by piece, a slow-drip expose of the crisis. Your job is to dig deep, early and fast, to get it all to the surface. Be candid. Recognize there are no secrets anywhere. Get the right people involved immediately. And you will see a swifter resolution to problems that people all too often try to brush under the table.

Jack Welch is Executive Chairman of the Jack Welch Management Institute at Strayer University. Through its Executive MBA program, the Jack Welch Management Institute provides students and organizations with the proven methodologies, immediately actionable practices, and respected credentials needed to win in business.

Suzy Welch is a best-selling author, popular television commentator, and noted business journalist. Her New York Times bestselling book, 10-10-10: A Life Transforming Idea
, presents a powerful decision-making strategy for success at work and in parenting, love and friendship. Together with her husband Jack Welch, Suzy is also co-author of the #1 international bestseller Winning, and its companion volume, Winning: The Answers. Since 2005, they have written business columns for several publications, including Business Week magazine, Thomson Reuters digital platforms, Fortune magazine, and the New York Times syndicate.

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Humor


Mand O mand



Humor

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HVORDAN MAN FÅR POLITIET TIL AT KOMME, NÅR MAN HAR BRUG FOR DEM?

Preben fra Rødovre var ved at gå i seng, da hans søde kone Kristina fortalte, at han havde glemt at slukke lyset i skurret i haven, som hun kunne se fra vinduet.
Preben åbnede terrassedøren i stuen for at gå ud til skurret og slukke lyset, men så så han, at der var et par unge fyre, der var i gang med at stjæle ting derinde.
Han ringede til politiet, som spurgte, om de er kommet ind i huset? Nej! Svarede han. Politiet sagde så, at alle deres politibiler var optagede og rådede ham til at låse alle dørene, så skulle de sende en bil, når der blev en ledig. Preben sagde: ‘Okay’ og lagde røret på – og så talte han til 30.
Så ringede han til politiet igen.

Hej, det var mig, der ringede lige før, fordi der var nogle inde i mit skur i haven i færd med at stjæle. 
Nu behøver I ikke komme, for jeg har lige skudt dem, hvorefter han afbrød samtalen.

Inden for ganske få minutter kom der 6 politibiler, et AKS team, en helikopter, en brandbil og 2 ambulancer til Rødovrevej.
De pågreb indbrudstyvene på fersk gerning.

En af politibetjentene sagde til Preben: Jeg synes du sagde, at du havde skudt dem.
Hvortil Preben svarede: Jeg synes I sagde, at I ikke havde nogen ledige biler.


Citater

I think friendship could be defined: "We really wish each other the best.” - Josef Kristensen

"The only time to eat diet food is while you are waiting for the steak to cook". 
Julia Child

There is nothing in this world that can compare with the Christian fellowship; nothing that can satisfy but Christ.
John D. Rockefeller

"Hvis et rodet skrivebord er et tegn på et rodet sind, hvad er et tomt skrivebord så tegn på? - Albert Einstein

I usually make up my mind about a man in ten seconds, and I very rarely change it.
Margaret Thatcher

There are only two forces that unite men - fear and interest.
Napoleon Bonaparte

The truth is found when men are free to pursue it.
Franklin D. Roosevelt 


We need worship for our spirit, fellowship for our soul and committed subservience for our body.
Larry Norman


Men must know their limitations.
Clint Eastwood

Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a man's character, give him power.
Abraham Lincoln 

I am ready to act, if I can find brave men to help me.
Carter G. Woodson 

Do not pray for easy lives. Pray to be stronger men.
John F. Kennedy 

La memoria es como el mal amigo; cuando más falta te hace, te falla. - ukendt

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 Fra en teenagepige Facebookvæg.

"A saint is never consciously a saint; saint is consciously dependent on God."

- Oswald Chambers


Janice Hughes: ”Den der har en bedende ven er virkelig rig”

14 udtalelser som ikke fremmer et lykkeligt ægteskab

Billede: Comment comprendre les femmes...
Le deuxième tome sort bientôt...



14 udtalelser som du aldrig skal sige til din kone.

Smileys_Set___Aerger_284452

 

Smileys_Set___Aerger_284452 - version 2

1.    ”Du ser tyk ud i det tøj!”

2.    ”Skal du ha´ det der PÅ?”

3.    ”Wow, hende der, hun ser godt ud!”

Smileys_Set___Aerger_284452 - version 3

4.    ”Du er begyndt at minde mig om din mor!”

5.    ”Hvad har du egentlig lavet hele dagen?”

6.    ”Hvor er mind rene sokker?”

7.    ”Nå er det den periode i måneden?”

8.    ”Der er ingen chokolade i huset!”

9.    ”Du lyder som din mor!”

Smileys_Set___Aerger_284452 - version 4

10. ”Hvad har du lyst til at lave?”

11.  ”Tillykke med fødselsdagen……..sælgeren i forretningen sagde at dette var den bedste støvsuger på markedet!” (Giv hende aldrig støvsugere som gave!)

12. ”Det smager næsten lige så godt, som min mor laver dem!”

Smileys_Set___Aerger_284452 - version 5

13.  ”Min ex gjorde det for mig.” – ”Når min ex og mig…..”

14.  ”Slap nu bare af!”

Smileys_Set___Aerger_284452 - version 8

Friends Forever

Michael W Smith and Amy Grant


© A-MEN 2013